Ifro’Ti. “The Dual mandate in British Tropical Africa. n. ^. – Sir P.O. Fugard. “Native Customary law (even Koranic lax?), speaking generally, regards offences as. Book Reviews: The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa. Lord Lugard. Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., London, (Fifth edition), 65/-. Show all authors. The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa [Lord Frederick J.D. Lugard] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A survey of the historical and .

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Following the Fulani jihad ofthe hitherto individualistic and competing Hausa states became united under a strong centralized theocratic state known as the Sokoto Caliphate. As governor-general of a unified Nigeria, Lugard hoped that the system would work in the southern provinces.

According to Lugard, Britain held a dual responsibility in Africa: However, the region provided abundant sources of raw materials and markets for manufactured goods. By the time Lugard resigned as commissioner inthe entire Nigeria was being peacefully administered under the supervision of British residents.

The Igbo, for instance, lived in fragmented societies and did not develop ghe monarchical political institution.

The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

His book is a masterpiece of literature and policymaking, though contemporary readers will find his defense of British colonialism in Africa racist and paternalistic. But the established traditional route to Machakos was a treacherous journey through the large Taru Desert—93 miles of scorching dust bowl. Funding of the colony of Nigeria in the development of state’s infrastructure such as harbours, railways and hospitals in Southern Nigeria came from revenue generated by taxes on imported alcohol.


Following the subjugation of the Hausa-Fulani inLugard introduced the system among the people. Decentralization at all levels of government, with a strong coordinating authority in the center, allowed for greater efficiency.

DUAL MANDATE, AFRICA (Western Colonialism)

As theorized by Lugard, the native authority retained, as much as possible, its traditional powers and character. Modes of British Imperial Control of Africa: Since he was childless, the barony became extinct. InLugard was dispatched by the Royal Niger Company to Borguwhere he secured treaties with the kings and chiefs who acknowledged the sovereignty of ddual British company, while reducing the influence of other colonial powers.

Governor-General of Nigeria — Throughout his tenure, he sought strenuously to secure the amelioration of the condition of the native people, among other means by the exclusion, wherever possible, of mxndate liquors, and by the suppression of slave raiding and slavery. However, the proposal was neither well received nor acted upon.

DUAL MANDATE, AFRICA (Western Colonialism)

One of his famed blood partnerships was sealed in October during his journey to Uganda when he stopped at Dagoretti in Kikuyu territory and entered into an alliance with Waiyaki wa Hinga. In AugustLugard departed on foot from Mombasa for Uganda to secured British predominance over German influence in the area and afrida an end to the civil disturbances between factions in the kingdom of Buganda.

In Northern Nigeria, Lugard permitted slavery within traditional elite families. Governor of Hong Kong — InBritish control over the whole protectorate was made possible by a britisb campaign against the emir of Kano and the sultan of Sokoto.

It was a concept in which existing African traditional political institutions were preserved and incorporated into the colonial administrative system for local governance. Ostensibly, the colonial official was a sympathetic adviser and a arfica to the chiefs; in reality, though, the avrica would dictate colonial policies and regulations to the chiefs. Under this system, local administrative powers resided in the native authority made up of traditional rulers or chiefs with jurisdiction over a britsih treasury and native courts.


In direct rule as a principle of colonial local government became the standard policy in most of British Africa. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

The African Lakes Company depot at Karonga was evacuated at the end of the year but in MayCaptain Lugard, persuaded by the British Consul at Mozambique, arrived to lead an expedition against Mlozi, sponsored by the African Lakes Company but without official British Government support. Proconsular Imperialism in Southern and Eastern Africa, Archived from the original PDF on 7 December In addition, these zfrica and inexpensive native labour slavery having been outlawed by Britain in would provide vital fuel for the industrial revolution in resource-depleted Britain, as well as monies for public works projects.

He was present at Lokoja and read the proclamation that established ttopical protectorate on 1 January The Administration of Nigeria to The London Gazette Supplement. He became the first chancellor, despite a cold receptions from the imperial Colonial Office and local British companies, such as the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The attempts of rulers to forcibly collect imposed colonial taxes bred discontentment in some parts of Yorubaland.